Definitions for the Counter Violent Extremism Work the NCTC Coordinates

  • Counter Radicalisation refers to efforts to delegitimise violent extremist ideologies and to deter recruitment into specific terrorist groups or campaigns.
  • De-radicalisation refers to concerted efforts directed at radicalised individuals at different stages of the extremist ‘lifecycle’: immediately before joining a group or network, as active members, or following their exit. The efforts are aimed at changing their attitudes and ideological stances.
  • The Duty to disclose information relating to terrorist acts, etc according to POTA 2012 expects that a person who has any information that is relevant in preventing the commission of a terrorist act; or securing the arrest or prosecution of those responsible shall disclose the information to a police officer or is liable to prosecution.
  • Group radicalisation is a popular set of beliefs based on an intensifying division and sense of threat between in- and out-groups. It often precedes individual radicalisation into extremism.
  • Incitement according to POTA 2012, it is the publishing, distributing or otherwise availing information intending to incite another person or a group of persons to carry out a terrorist act directly or indirectly.
  • Indoctrination is the process of teaching a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically.
  • Rehabilitation is a process that aims to ensure that disengaged and de-radicalised violent extremists and terrorists are given the counselling, critical reasoning tools, knowledge and gender appropriate interventions to shift their mind-sets and enable them to be peaceful and law-abiding citizens.